The Kingdom of Cambodia is an independent country with a population of more than 7 million people. With a surface area of 181,035 sq. km and once a French colony, is the least known Indochinese country. Cambodia has a distinct geographical personality: it is a wide basin surrounded by highlands. In this basin the farmer has created a simple life - an original civilization and philosophy of mildness. After many years of war, people rediscovered the meaning of "PEACE" They started to rebuild and reconstruct in all fields. Cambodia is divided into 20 provinces and rich in resources, forests, rubber, gems, fish and has a big potential in tourism.
Kingdom of Cambodia, is one of the Indochina countries. A world of treasures, Cambodia today occupies only a small corner of the former Khmer empire, the famous heritage site of the world and the beautiful green land, is Cambodia.
The country presents a fascinating history, diverse, geography, and rich culture. Covering an area of 181,035 square kilometers, and 14 million inhabitants, 90 percent of whom are Khmer and the remaining 10% are Vietnamese, Cham, Chinese and hill tribes. 95% of Cambodians are Theravada Buddhist. Being the former Empire of Southeast Asia, Cambodia is a highly civilize nation, a nation of long history and rich culture. Over a thousand of magnificent ancient stone temples decorated with fine bas-relief are found in almost every part of the country. Cambodia has all of ancient temples to pristine emerald forests, glittering palaces to sandy beaches.
Cambodia is about half the size of Germany. In the West the country is bordered by Thailand, in the North by Laos and in the East by Vietnam. The capital city of Cambodia is Phnom Penh.
By far the most important river of Cambodia is the Mekong, which passes through the country for about 500 kilometers in a north- southern direction from Tibet of China sea. The Mekong is passable for ships from its delta in Vietnam until Phnom Penh. The largest and fresh water lake in Southeast Asia is, Tonle Sap Lake, is in Cambodia and is connected to the Mekong River by a short river. For most of the time this river flows from lake Tonle Sap into the Mekong. However, during the Southeast Asian rainy season from June to October when the Mekong drains large areas of Southeast Asia.
The Tonle Sap lake flows from the Mekong river back into lake Tonle Sap thus causing enormous floods in the area surrounding the lake. During this time, lake Tonle Sap can swell to more than twice its regular size. In Tonle Sap, the great lake there are many people living there such as Cambodian village and Vietnamese village. They living there for fishing in habitually. The floating houses of the people identifies that, fishing for their everyday life. They never change too much from eating fish.
The central part of Cambodia is a fertile plain. Mountain ranges in the shape of a semicircle form a natural boundary with Thailand. In the West are the Cardamom Mountain in the Southwest the Elephant Mountains and in the North the Dangrek Mountain Range. The highest mountain in Cambodia is Phnom Aural in the Cardamom range, at a height of 1,813 meters. To date these mountain ranges are comparatively densely covered with forest and are only sparsely populated. All three are still operating areas of the Khmer Rouge guerrillas.
The southern coastal strip has never been of importance for the Cambodian economy. It is separated from the central plain by difficult terrain. The Mekong river has always been the economical conduit of Cambodia.